Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures. These disorders in the brain to have abnormal activities. Aside from seizures, epilepsy can also inflict periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.
Anyone can develop epilepsy. It can affect both males and females of all ages and races. There are two known main types of seizures. First, generalized seizures affect the whole brain. The other one is focal or partial seizures, which only affect one part of the brain.
Seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. That being said, symptoms differ from person to person and according to the type of seizure.
Most people have a way of managing their epilepsy. A treatment plan can be made and will be based on the severity of symptoms, the person’s health, and on how well your body responds to therapy.
The following are the most commonly accepted medical treatments for epilepsy.
- Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)
Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) are the primary type of treatment for most people with epilepsy. Up to 70 percent (7 in 10) of people could potentially stop having seizures with the right anti-epileptic medication. AEDs are mainly made to prevent seizures from happening, though AEDs do not stop seizures once they start to happen. AEDs also cannot cure epilepsy.
Here are some of the common types of AEDs:
- Sodium valproate
- Ketogenic Diet
Another option for treating epilepsy with children and adults whose seizures are not controlled with AEDs is a ketogenic diet. As this is a diet plan, it can help to reduce the number or severity of seizures and have other positive effects for the body.
Ketogenic Diet is currently popular. It is a high fat, low carbohydrate, and controlled protein diet that has been used since 1920 for treating epilepsy. The diet is also an established treatment option for children with hard-to-control epilepsy.
- CBD-based drug (Epidiolex)
Epidiolex is the first, and only FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved prescription CBD used to treat seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), Dravet syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in patients 1 year of age and older.
Early evidence from laboratory studies, small clinical studies, and anecdotal reports suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) could help control seizures. Cannabis is popularly known as marijuana. Cannabis is used most often by botanists and pharmaceutical companies in herbal medications because of its numerous benefits for our bodies.
Epilepsy surgery is considered by many people if anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) have not stopped or significantly reduce the number of seizures a person is experiencing. For some people, the surgery can reduce the number of seizures they have; some stop it completely.
One type of epilepsy surgery involves removing a specific area of the brain, which is thought to be causing the seizures. Another type involves separating the part of the brain that is causing seizures from the rest of the brain.